J&J Vaccine Is Effective Safe And Only Requires A Single Injection

A panel from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) confirmed on Wednesday the effectiveness and safety data of the Johnson & Johnson (J&J) covid-19 vaccine , which requires a single injection, with what your emergency authorization to incorporate it into the vaccination campaign could be imminent.

Graph on the distribution of covid-19 vaccines. The world is divided by the Covid vaccine: the fight for ‘liquid gold’ and dominate the supply.

The FDA’s vaccine advisory committee will now be the one that, based on this report and the data provided by Johnson & Johnson, will decide this Friday if the vaccine is incorporated into the other two already authorized: that of Pfizer / BioNTech and the by Moderna.

Earlier this month, Johnson & Johnson said that clinical trial data indicates that its Covid-19 vaccine has an overall effectiveness in immunizing against the disease of 66% ; 72% in tests carried out in the United States; 66% in Latin America and 64% in South Africa, where a more resistant variant has spread.

This vaccine can speed up the vaccination campaign
Trials have shown that the vaccine prevents 86% of serious cases in the United States and 82% in Latin America, which in practice would mean that it is highly effective in preventing hospitalizations and deaths from the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus.

The fact that this vaccine is intended to be administered in a single injection, unlike those of Pfizer and Moderna, which require two appointments, makes it one of the most anticipated , as it would speed up the vaccination campaign.

Vaccine effectiveness against new coronavirus variants. New variants threaten the effectiveness of vaccines: Which ones are most effective for each strain?

The FDA considers it proven that the new vaccine is highly effective in preventing serious cases and deaths from covid-19 and should contain the spread of the disease, which has claimed more than half a million lives in the United States in just over one year.

Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine could gain emergency approval this Friday, with the decision announced on Saturday , and immediately begin distribution across the country to the hundreds of vaccination centers that have already begun inoculating the elderly and other populations. risk groups.

The new vaccine can be stored in ordinary refrigerators for at least three months , making it logistically easier to handle than those from Pfizer and Moderna, which require more extreme subzero temperatures, but have a percentage of efficacy older, up to 95%.


Great Task Is To Strengthen And Expand The Capacities Of NHS

The pandemic has put the public health system in check and the collateral damage of a year of health crisis is beginning to surface. At the virtual meeting Public health beyond covid , organized by EL PAÍS, CincoDías and Cadena SER, the Minister of Health, Carolina Darias, has admitted that it will be necessary to strengthen public health.

“It is up to the ministry that I have the honor to lead to follow the path of social progress, assuming a great historical task: to strengthen and expand the capacity of the National Health System,” said Darias. In the roundtable cycle, more than a dozen experts, among whom were Rafael Matesanz, creator of the World Transplant Organization, or María Neira, Director of Public Health of the World Health Organization, have analyzed the scope that the pandemic has had on the prevention and treatment of other diseases.

“The National Health System is being subjected to a very tough stress test as a result of the pandemic, a stress test to which it is responding in a reasonable way, but not without difficulties that have brought out its weaknesses,” Darias admitted during the inauguration of the virtual meeting.

The minister insisted that “two of the great lessons of this critical situation are the recognition of the value of the public and the need to strengthen it.” And it has marked some of the challenges faced by the health system in the short and medium term: “There are aspects that will be decisive, such as the reinforcement of primary care, the digitization of health, chronicity and the aging of the population. A model that ensures more prevention, more public health and that is closer to people.

It is about, in times of pandemic, to take care of the urgent to continue with the important ”. The minister has assured that, for this task, they will need an injection of resources and investments in the health system.

Darias stressed that, among the measures that Health has implemented to tackle the consequences of a year of pandemic and strengthen the public health system, the new update of the Strategy against Cancer is already being studied by the Interterritorial Health Council , which had not been reviewed for a decade. The ministry is also preparing, in fact, a specific strategy to improve care for patients with pandemic cancer.

According to the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology, during the first wave, new cancer diagnoses fell 21% compared to the same period of the previous year. “Cancer is a priority and has become secondary.

There are estimates and it is estimated that the loss of opportunity will translate into a loss of survival of 30% in patients who have been diagnosed late, ”said Eduardo Díaz-Rubio, emeritus professor of Oncology and president of the Royal National Academy of Medicine from Spain, during their participation in the virtual event.

Spain comes out of the extreme risk situation due to coronavirus and places its incidence at 235 cases per 100,000

But not only in tumors is the impact of a year of health crisis noticeable. Begoña Ortiz, a nurse at the La Paz University Hospital in Madrid, has warned of the impact also on rare diseases, both inside and outside the hospital. “Patients with rare diseases were very compromised by the care of patients with covid.

Hospitals were completely occupied by this pathology and we had to call our patients and tell them not to come for consultations. After the first two or three months, some of the consultations for rare diseases were opening, but many of my internist colleagues were busy treating patients with covid and we could not do it with our patients. There must have been a delay in the diagnosis.


Ifema Stayed With The Health Workers

Ifema, the “miracle hospital” of the Community of Madrid, left the nursing homes without toilets. Carlos Mur, the person in charge of medicalizing the residences of Madrid in the first wave of coronavirus, said this Wednesday in the regional Assembly that his plan depended on the primary care staff, but when the Government of Isabel Díaz Ayuso opened the field hospital homes as adults they were left without those human resources.

More than a thousand primary care health workers made up the staff of that hospital that was the flag of Ayuso’s health management in the first wave of the pandemic.

Carlos Mur during an interview for El País in October 2019 when he was managing director of socio-sanitary coordination in the Community of Madrid.

The time of Carlos Mur, the doctor who approved triages for the elderly in Madrid.

By videoconference from Barcelona and dressed in a robe, Mur has given a long-awaited statement for 90 minutesfor the relatives who lost elderly people in nursing homes since he is the author of the protocols that closed the doors of hospitals to elderly patients.

Those protocols signed by him are for them a proof of charge that they have presented before the Justice. Mur, 44, was the general director of social and health coordination, and was commissioned to save the lives of the elderly in residences.

He was dismissed on May 13 and now works as a psychiatrist in a private center in the Catalan capital. He has not been charged, but as the judicial investigation progresses, he could be cited. Today before a body that only seeks political responsibilities, he had less pressure, but he was obliged not to lie so as not to incur criminal liability.

Side B of the protocols was the medicalization of residences, but their own counseling made decisions that left the elderly who lived in those homes in the lurch. The decision to open Ifema was taken when it was already known that the coronavirus was devastating for the elderly in nursing homes.

On Tuesday, March 17, it was learned that at least 19 people had died in the Monte Hermoso nursing home. It was feared that if the virus entered other elderly homes it would cause great tragedy.

Despite this, Mur’s superiors decided to maintain the hospital exclusion protocols. Ifema was not going to be an exception. Mur was informed that the new field hospital, opened on Sunday March 22, had established criteria that excluded the elderly from nursing homes.

“The criteria that were transferred to us on March 19 to enter a person in Ifema was that they be patients without problems for the basic activity of daily life and without cognitive impairment”, Mur told the deputies. Only 23 seniors from nursing homes entered Ifema, as revealed by Infolibre.

Ifema was going to be “the largest hospital in Spain” with more than 5,000 beds, but eventually it stayed at just over 1,000. Despite the propaganda, its own manager, Antonio Zapatero, even said that it was a hangar, and not a hospital, to apologize for the limitations. Until its closure on May 1, only 23 nursing home seniors entered Ifema, as revealed by Infolibre.

Nor were the new medical hotels suitable for the elderly in residences, as the Escudero himself told him. “What they transmitted to all of us is that neither articulated beds nor auxiliary beds or gerocultors existed”, added Mur.

The lives of the residence elders depended on Mur, but his power was minimal. He had no direct jurisdiction over any health resource, no budget or capacity to hire, or staff under his charge, except for a secretary. He has described himself today as “a figure of consultant with the rank of CEO without command in place.”

For this reason, Mur delivers on Wednesday, March 25, “the comprehensive management of the covid 19 crisis” in the residences to the daughter of a PP collaborator, Encarnación Burgueño, and to a small ambulance company, Transamed. Today he wanted to reduce Burgueño’s role, saying that she was just another collaborator, but the documents of those days, published by EL PAÍS, contradict him.

Despite thousands of unworthy deaths at the residences, Mur has avoided blaming anyone. According to his version, the main responsibility was “the covid virus and its characteristics.” Then he lamented as causes of the high mortality the lack of protective equipment or the loss of nursing home professionals due to the disease.

“I always informed my direct superiors”
Mur has also provided new details on how the protocols were created. His signature appears in at least four versions distributed to hospitals and residences. He had the support of the Minister of Health, Enrique Ruiz Escudero. “I always informed my direct superiors,” he said.

The documents were drawn up by Javier Martínez Peromingo, a geriatrician from Hospital Rey Juan Carlos de Móstoles, and were presented on Sunday, March 15, to the Sermas Support Table, chaired by Escudero. At that table sat the dome of the council, as well as a group of specialists, including Maite Vidán, a geriatrician at the Gregorio Marañón Hospital. Mur has highlighted that Vidán gave his approval to the documents.


European Press Publishers And Microsoft Ask For Protection Against Google And Facebook

If home confinement had been decreed seven days earlier, the lives of some 23,000 people throughout Spain would have been saved , according to the conclusions of an investigation into the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic , carried out by scientists from the Rovira University i Virgili de Tarragona and the University of Zaragoza.

The work, still unpublished, carries out a retrospective analysis that concludes that if the health authorities had advanced the closure seven days, the death toll “would have been approximately 5,000” , while if it had been done seven days later, “it would have been 120,000 “.

“Taking into account that the deaths in the first wave amounted to 28,000, we would have saved 23,000 “, has indicated the researcher Àlex Arenas, physicist and professor of the Department of Computer Engineering and Mathematics of the Rovira i Virgili University, who has led the study.

The work highlights the” substantial “delay that occurred in the times exposure, from infection to detection. On average, the time that elapsed between performing diagnostic tests and reporting their result was “15 days. ” “Such a steep delay makes a real evaluation difficult of the epidemiological situation and, therefore, prevents the management of the epidemic response “, he concludes.

Peak before confinement
Likewise, the study maintains that when the first confinement was decreed, on March 15, 2020, “daily infections had already reached their peak . ” Similarly, on March 28, when all non-essential economic activity was suspended, “daily infections had already reached that peak at least 10 days earlier in most autonomous communities.”

In this sense, the study highlights the different containment measures that were implemented at the regional level just before the Spanish Government dictated the confinement at the national level. “In general, the autonomous communities that first pushed the Rt -speed of spread of the virus- below 1, coincide with those that implemented containment measures earlier. The most prominent example is the Community of Madrid,” he says.

The authors also talk about the role of individual awareness of the population, “a factor whose consideration is crucial.” According to the conclusions of their work, this is one of the main reasons that explain why the Rt began to decrease between March 10 and 13, before the national confinement was decreed. However, they do not ignore that the first containment measures were taken from March 9 and the reduction in mobility began around March 10.

Government response “two weeks late”
The main author, Àlex Arenas, assures that his research group derived last year “four reports to the Minister of Health, Salvador Illa , via Miguel Hernán (epidemiologist who advised the Government in the first wave), from which the president Pedro Sánchez decided the total confinement at least two weeks late. ”

This expert also got in touch with the president of the Generalitat at that time, Quim Torra , and the ministers of the Presidency, Meritxell Budó , and the Interior, Miquel Buch, who “from minute one understood it and asked for confinement one day after knowing” the data. “Minister Illa and Fernando Simón, with even more precise information that they required of us, took two more weeks,” he said.


ANAR Foundation Serves 6000 Child Victims Of Sexual Abuse In A Decade

“I didn’t even know what was going on. It was like a game. I remember that my parents went out and my brother forced me … I remember that I was very disgusted. I didn’t want to play and it was repeated several times ”.

With these words, a 12-year-old girl recounts the sexual abuse she suffered in the bosom of her family until she was able to get out of a defenseless situation that many other minors live “in silence” in Spain, whose suffering often leaves no marks or counts with immediate family support.

This is highlighted by the ANAR Foundation after seeing how, during the last decade, cases of sexual abuse of minors have multiplied by four and radiographing the drama experienced by the 6,183 victims treated between 2008 and 2019. Its conclusions are reflected in a study presented this Tuesday and based on the analysis of the testimonies collected through the 89,808 calls that were made within the framework of its help channels.

Closer – Child Sexual Abuse: A Rising and Silenced Reality – Listen Nowplay audio
08.15 min
Closer – Child Sexual Abuse: A Rising and Silenced Reality – Listen Now
The research shows that the cases attended have increased by 300% , from 273 in 2008 to 1,093 in 2020, and accounts for an average increase of 20.5% in the last five years, when there has been a significant increase of abuses through networks and messaging applications.

“The presentation of this report will cause an important social impact, but it will also create disbelief in certain people. We must make all citizens aware that sexual abuse of children exists in our country and is not an isolated phenomenon “, said the director of the Legal department of the ANAR Telephone, while the director of programs of the Foundation, Benjamín Ballesteros has stressed that these cases respond to ” a hidden and silent reality ” that must cease to be” a taboo subject “in Spain.

78.3% are girls
The data of the study relative to the victims show that 78.3% of the cases were female, of which 59.1% were adolescents between 13 and 18 years old . As for men, Anar wanted to specify that, although they are minority victims – one in five – they tend to be abused at a younger age than women, since in 53.4% ​​of the cases they are under 12 years.

In 2.6% of the cases, the minor had some type of disability .

Average age of victims: 11.6 years
The research also reveals that the average age of the victims is 11.6 years and focuses on the youngest victims, under 12 years of age , since they are at greater risk as they have less capacity to react when feeling unprotected. 15% of the victims were less than 5 years old .

On the other hand, abuses tend to recur over time (in 69% of cases) and are accompanied in most cases by physical violence or intimidation , especially when the victim is a woman and an adolescent.

Profile of the aggressor: male and family member or trusted
The profile of the aggressor is that of a man, of legal age, belonging to the family or to the circle of trust. The father is still the main aggressor , but over the years the proportion of cases in which he is the mother’s partner has increased, while the number of “known or trusted” adults in the family has decreased.

Only in 10% the aggressor is not known to the family, cases in which the abuses are carried out mainly through the Internet.

Most abuses do not leave marks or wounds
From Anar they have insisted that 80.2% of the cases of abuse and aggression do not leave marks or wounds , so the situations are more difficult to detect. Victims suffer mainly obscene touching, although one in ten victims also report having suffered violent penetration.

“The victims have great difficulty in demonstrating the abuse because in many cases there are no physical signs and unfortunately the reactions of the environment are not supportive,” said the director of the ANAR Telephone / Chat, Diana Díaz.

Díaz has also remarked that the aggressor himself “is going to try not to leave any kind of trace to continue acting” against the minor and points out that the “most traumatic” aggressions occur in the age group that goes from babies to toddlers. twelve years , who have “a more sensitive body” and less awareness of the situation.

The environment denies the facts, covers up the aggressor or blames the victim
In almost 38% of the cases, the environment denies the facts; in 31% the aggressor is justified or covered up and in 7% the victim is blamed.

In this context, of all the cases handled by ANA, only 43% showed the intention to report and did not reach 11% who formalized the complaint. Of these, 18% were judicially filed for lack of evidence.

50% of abuses occur in the minor’s own home
Also relevant is the fact that 50% of the abuses take place in the minor’s own home , followed by the abuses that take place in the homes of other relatives or in the school or out-of-school environment.

Likewise, Díaz has warned that we must be “very careful” with school environments and extracurricular activities of minors, which represent 13.2% of cases of sexual abuse.

Most frequent symptoms
The study also shows that the most frequent symptoms that victims present are sudden mood swings, psychosomatic symptoms , sexual knowledge inappropriate for their age, explicit sexual behaviors and aggressiveness.

In addition, he maintains that all the parameters analyzed have worsened over the last decade: the time of suffering, the frequency of the attacks and the severity increases.

The “herds” increase
On the other hand, the Foundation has influenced the increase in group aggressions or “herds” , when the victim is abused by two or more people (10.5% of cases in 2018) and also warns of an increase in throughout the decade in the cases of minors treated for gender violence, attacked by boyfriends, partners or ex-partners (6.3% in 2018)

“In recent years we have encountered the phenomenon of the ‘Herds’. We have to be very aware that in preadolescence and adolescence group aggressions are also taking place”, stressed the director of the ANAR Telephone.

Increasing cases, in line with court rulings
The result of the investigation, according to the foundation, is in line with the information in the annual reports of the State Attorney General’s Office, where sentences for sexual abuse of minors have practically quadrupled between 2012 and 2018.

ANAR also wanted to underline that the knowledge about cases of sexual abuse of minors is scarce in Spain and encourages public authorities to investigate the problem , as well as to carry out prevention campaigns to encourage complaints from an early age, professionalize care and address reforms in the judicial sphere to improve the protection of children and adolescents.

The ANAR phone and chat for Help for Children and Adolescents is 900 20 20 10. It is free, confidential and is staffed by a team of professionals made up of psychologists, lawyers and social workers.


We Forget What It’s Like To Be Human

We spend our lives waiting, sweeping guilt and discomfort as if we were not the main actors in our lives and the owners of our decisions. We are asked to be patient, willing and positive. We show evil with what surrounds us, with those we do not know; and let’s avenge our discomfort: a mask on the ground, a cigarette at a bus stop, a bad look at the person who wears the mask incorrectly.

We forget what it’s like to be human. I don’t know how you can sleep knowing how many people a bad decision destroys and still keep trying options until you find something right. Meanwhile, we, to keep waiting.

The few joys are reflected in the small gestures and actions that our teachers, pets, friends, relatives and loved ones offer us. It is time to wake up to the life that has changed us. And don’t forget how important it is to be consistent with your actions.

For a sustainable economy
In response to the pandemic, the EU approved an unprecedented € 750 billion recovery package and temporarily suspended fiscal rules, allowing governments to spend enough. Recovery offers a once in a generation opportunity to build a bridge to a future sustainable economy with rising living standards and decent jobs for all.

However, recent data shows that 70% of the 72,000 million euros of the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan of Spain will be wasted in reviving the old economy and in giving state subsidies to the industries of the past, including the rescue of the airlines Iberiaand Vueling.

Spain plans to spend just 11% of its ongoing recovery effort on strengthening the nation’s environmental resilience to future climate shocks and a meager 6% on social welfare measures to improve the long-term health and well-being of our citizens.

As economists and civil society leaders, we call on the Minister of Finance, María Jesús Montero, to review her plans and use this one-time spending package to address our vulnerability to future “black swan” events, such as pandemics and the prospect of irreversible climate change. Minister Montero must also use her influence to push for a permanent review of EU fiscal rules to avoid a ruinous return to austerity.

They are not anti-fascists
Young people who demonstrate violently do not seek freedom of expression, nor are they anti-fascists. They are violent and rude people, without more. Unfortunately, what they are doing with their behavior is fabricating votes for the extreme right. Mr Echenique should not encourage such excesses . What you need to do is help your government improve the freedom of expression law.


Rules Must Be Refined For A Sector That Is Revolutionizing Leisure

The video on demand industry is experiencing a boom . The limitations on mobility imposed by the pandemic have accelerated the consolidation of a new form of audiovisual entertainment consumption that emerged a few years ago thanks to the technological revolution.

In the world there are already, according to the latest studies, 850 million households subscribed to a streaming platform ,the real audience is even larger, since the keys of the same account are often shared. \

The development of the internet allows access from any device (television, tablet or mobile phone) to an ever-growing catalog of series, films or documentaries. Digital entertainment has discovered a very important economic vein that in 2025 will generate revenues of more than 100,000 million euros.

A change as disruptive as this produces collateral effects in the sectors that dominated the audiovisual business. The world of cinema, for example, is one of the victims. However, streaming also brings opportunities. It was seen during the confinements, when offering exit to the productions when the cinemas were closed.

There is also fierce competition for which platforms must invest millions of dollars to differentiate themselves from their rivals and that money ends up leaking to all sectors of the sector. Until now, the business model of the operators is based on subscriber fees, but in the future the economic profitability of their users’ data through big data techniques will be increasingly important .A material as sensitive as personal information requires transparent treatment and supervised by the authorities.

Many of the video-on-demand platforms operating in Spain have so far used very advantageous tax strategies by declaring only a minimum percentage of their turnover and deriving the bulk of the income to intermediary companies located in States with more beneficial tax systems.

Netflix recently assured that it will change its modus operandi to tax all the activity it generates in the local market. It would be important for this decision to materialize and for the rest of the companies to copy the example. The public coffers are now exhausted by the efforts to mitigate the effects of the coronavirus and it is essential that taxpayers comply with their obligations.

America’s dominance in the streaming business is staggering. If in the 20th century the big names in Hollywood imposed their vision of the world, now it is Netflix, HBO, Amazon, Disney or Apple that are conquering homes. It is important to regulate audiovisual coexistence in order to guarantee its space to European culture and industry.

In November, the preliminary draft of the new General Audiovisual Communication Law was presented. The text, which transposes a European directive with some delay, establishes that video-on-demand companies must allocate 5% of their income in Spain to finance European films and series, as RTVE and national private channels already do. And dedicate 30% of its catalog to European works.

Diversity always enriches the viewer’s options.


RTVE’s workforce is currently made up of 6,700 workers

The Catalan Health Service (CatSalut) reveals that there is a list of more than 640,000 patients who are waiting to be treated. Of these, more than 144,000 still do not receive a call that sets a date for pending operations and related treatments, which places Catalonia as the autonomy with the largest surgical delays in Spain.

However, the most bulky data in this regard are the more than 355,000 people who still do not receive results from their consultations with medical specialists. It is true that Covid has disrupted all primary care and specializations and that the third wave has led a good percentage of physicians to move to the front line in the fight against the pandemic.

But it is also true that the evolution that the waiting lists show worries in the Ministry of Health of the Generalitat. This is indicated at least in the environment of the counselor Alba Vergés, where they assure that “the increase in patients is becoming a problem that will explode when the pandemic passes, if not before.” Despite this, the Ministry assures that they still do not have solutions to reduce the waiting lists.

RTVE’s workforce is currently made up of 6,700 workers, almost 300 more than two years ago. This increase in numbers powerfully draws attention, since it occurs in the midst of the economic crisis caused by Covid.

But it is even more surprising when it coincides with the temporary mandate of Rosa María Mateo and the audience free fall that public television has shown since then. As if that were not enough, the management keeps scrupulous silence about the reason for the new incorporations, which has unleashed rumors in RTVE.

In fact, in the corridors of the Corporation there is already talk of the creation of parallel newsrooms in front of the official ones in the News area “whose sole objective is to ensure that the news that is broadcast agrees with the interests of the Government.”

The increase in infections in some offices of the Tax Agency has forced the Ministry of Finance to close a good number of delegations. Specifically, it is said that some 20 offices located in 10 different provinces have had to temporarily lower the blind while waiting for the rate to decrease. “These closures pose an added problem,” they say from the Treasury.