Mucormycosis – In between the battle with COVID, India is again facing a major hard-to-treat and aggressive fungal disease in COVID patients. There is a huge increase in mucormycosis cases recently in patients suffering from COVID.
What are the causes?
Mucormycetes are the chief organism that is responsible for the fungal disease known as Mucormycosis, Zygomycosis, or Black fungal disease.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, these fungi are found over dead and decaying matter or in soil. They are mainly found in rotting bodies of animals, leaves, or compost piles.
This fungus mainly affects the lungs when the spores of the fungus are inhaled. Inhaling spores may make one get infected with the fungus.
As per the experts and scientists, Mucormycosis is an “opportunistic infection” that people counteract when they are already struggling with some kind of illness or if they have lower immunity.
But these days, people are already struggling with the COVID infection. Some people fall so sick with COVID that they are forced to take steroids which eventually lowers their immunity, making them susceptible to this infection.
And it was seen that patients either recovering from COVID and having diabetes are more prone to this disease.
How does this spread?
Not only Mumbai in India, but other states of India are also seeing an increase in mucormycosis cases. Already India is struggling with the second wave of COVID 19, and now there is another outbreak of this fungal infection.
Majorly people are rushed to hospitals with symptoms like fever, pain in the jaw, facial swelling, falling teeth, etc.
But this infection spreads very rapidly inside the body as that of cancer. This not only causes disease by inhaling spores, but it can also enter the body through small cuts or abrasions on the skin.
Earlier, people who have undergone an organ transplant or met with road traffic accidents were only prone to this disease, but now it is associated with COVID.
Moreover, the treating injection known as Amphotericin-B is falling into shortage, making this disease more dangerous.
How are cases increasing?
In earlier times, clinicians used to see either one or two cases in 25 years, but now the cases are very high as compared to that of the 2nd wave of COVID.
This is definitely an alarming situation, and everyone has to take care of themselves.